Todd R. M., Cunningham W. A., Anderson A. K. & Thompson E. (2012) Affect-Biased Attention as Emotion Regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16(7): 365–372. Fulltext at https://cepa.info/2342
Affect-Biased Attention as Emotion Regulation.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16(7): 365–372.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/2342
The affective biasing of attention is not typically considered to be a form of emotion regulation. In this article, we argue that ‘affect-biased attention’ – the predisposition to attend to certain categories of affectively salient stimuli over others – provides an important component of emotion regulation. Affect-biased attention regulates subsequent emotional responses by tuning one’s filters for initial attention and subsequent processing. By reviewing parallel research in the fields of emotion regulation and affect-biased attention, as well as clinical and developmental research on individual differences in attentional biases, we provide convergent evidence that habitual affective filtering processes, tuned and re-tuned over development and situation, modulate emotional responses to the world. Moreover, they do so in a manner that is proactive rather than reactive.