Bertalanffy L. (1972) The history and status of general systems theory. The Academy of Management Journal 15(4): 407–426. https://cepa.info/2701
The history and status of general systems theory.
The Academy of Management Journal 15(4): 407–426.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/2701
The article presents a history of general systems theory and discusses several of its various aspects. According to the author, the notion of general systems theory first stemmed from the pre-Socratic philosophers, and evolved throughout the ages through different philosophic entities until it was eventually formally structured in the early 1900s. The theory has three main aspects. The first is called “systems science,” or the scientific exploration and theory of systems in various sciences. The second is called “systems technology,” or the problems arising in modern technology and society. The third aspect is called “systems philosophy” and refers to the reorientation of thought and world view.