Fischer T. (2014) Circular causality and indeterminism in machines for design. Frontiers of Architectural Research 3(4): 368–375. https://cepa.info/2838
Circular causality and indeterminism in machines for design.
Frontiers of Architectural Research 3(4): 368–375.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/2838
Presenting a hard-to-predict typography-varying system predicated on Nazi-era cryptography, the Enigma cipher machine, this paper illustrates conditions under which unrepeatable phenomena can arise, even from straight-forward mechanisms. Such conditions arise where systems are observed from outside of boundaries that arise through their observation, and where such systems refer to themselves in a circular fashion. It argues that the Enigma cipher machine is isomorphous with Heinz von Foersters portrayals of non-triviality in his non-trivial machine (NTM), but not with surprising human behaviour, and it demonstrates that the NTM does not account for spontaneity as it is observed in humans in general.