Beer S. (2002) What is cybernetics? Kybernetes 31(2): 209–219. https://cepa.info/4319
What is cybernetics?
Kybernetes 31(2): 209–219.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/4319
An address delivered at the University of Valladolid, Spain. Asks the Question-What is Cybernetics?. Discusses popular notions and genuine difficulties. Looks at the origins, derivations and definitions of cybernetics. Considers intrinsic control and Socio-Economic Governance in realtime. Relates cybernetics to the current world situation.