Publication 5787

Winograd T. & Flores F. (1987) Computation and intelligence. Chapter 8 in: Understanding computers and cognition: A new foundation for design. Addison-Wesley, Reading MA: 93–106. Fulltext at
Excerpt: Questions concerning the future uses of computers are often intertwined with questions about whether they will be intelligent. The existence of a field called ‘artificial intelligence’ implies that possibility and, as we pointed out in our introduction, there have been many speculations on the social impact of such developments. The theoretical principles developed in the earlier chapters lead us to the conclusion that one cannot program computers to be intelligent and that we need to look in different directions for the design of powerful computer technology Our goal in this chapter is to ground that conclusion in an analysis and critique of claims about artificial intelligence. We begin by examining the background in which the question of machine intelligence has been raised.

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