Hoffman details her shifts in therapeutic epistemology and describes the movements taken by family therapists in adopting a perspective which describes reality as that constructed by the observing system. In highlighting the centrality of ‘meaning’ to the constructivist position, she also emphasises the relevance of recognising a system as defined by a problem. She then examines the work and development of major constructivist contributors to family therapy practice, especially of those participating in and influenced by the Milan team.
Hoffman L. (1990) Constructing realities: An art of lenses. Family Process 29: 1–12.
In this essay I attempt to map the dimensions of my own move away from a cybernetic‐biologic analogy for “family‐systems” therapy. Central to this shift has been social construction theory augmented by two other lenses: a second‐order view, and a sensitivity to gender. These conceptual tools have helped me to distance myself from my previous therapeutic stance and to envision a very different model, one that is less strategic and instrumental, and more collaborative and unconcealed.