Matthias Kroß was a researcher at the Einstein Forum in Potsdam, Germany. He studied history, political science, and philosophy in Marburg and Berlin. In 1993, he received his doctorate at the Free University of Berlin with a dissertation on Klarheit als Selbstzweck. Ludwig Wittgenstein über Philosophie, Religion, Ethik und Gewißheit. His research interests focussed on the philosophy of logic and language, and on the cultural and intellectual history of the 20th century. He wrote extensively and edited works on the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. Publications include: (editor): Ein Netz von Normen: Ludwig Wittgenstein und die Mathematik (2007); (with G. Abel und M. Nedo): Ludwig Wittgenstein. Ingenieur – Philosoph – Künstler (2007); (with U. Arnswald and J. Kertscher): Wittgenstein und die Metapher (2003); (with H. J. Schneider): Mit Sprache spielen: Die Ordnungen und das Offene nach Wittgenstein (1999). He was also the co-editor of Wittgensteiniana, a study series of Wittgensteinian philosophy. Matthias Kroß passed away on 2 July 2018.
Context: Josef Mitterer is, among other callings, a philosopher of “traveling concepts” As a leader of various travel groups, he has collected a rich range of material for the adventure of traveling – and has drawn conclusions from that material for his non-dualistic cognitive theory. Findings: In Mitterer’s view, despite all longings for the “other,” the “strange,” and despite all “self-forgotten expansion of horizons,” in our encounter with the new we always remain systemically bound to our constructions of age and ego. Every putatively authentic encounter is crammed with “constructivist” preconditions. Implications: Whereas in pre-modern times the voyage was understood as a “wandering between worlds,” Mitterer’s epistemology offers us an appropriate framework for the particularities of modern tourism – and with them, for a modern self-understanding in face of the foreign and strange.