Cowley S. (2022) Meaning comes first: Languaging and biosemiotics [The operational matrix of languaging: A radically relational understanding of language]. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio 15(2): 1–18. https://cepa.info/7793
Meaning comes first: Languaging and biosemiotics [The operational matrix of languaging: A radically relational understanding of language].
Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio 15(2): 1–18.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/7793
In linking evolution, biosemiotics and languaging, analysis of meaning is extended by investigation of natural innovation. Rather than ascribe it to internal or external content, meaning comes first. Ecological, evolutionary and developmental flux defy content/ vehicle distinctions. In the eco-evo-devo frame, I present the papers of the Special Issue, pose questions, and identify a direction of travel. Above all, meaning connects older views of semiosis with recent work on ecosystemic living. Whilst aesthetics and languaging can refer to evolving semiotic objects, nature uses bio-signals, judging experience, and how culture (and Languages) can condition free-living agents. Further, science changes its status when meaning takes priority. While semiotics shows the narrowness of laws and recurrent regularity, function brings semiotic properties to causal aspects of natural innovation. By drawing on languaging one can clarify, for example, how brains and prostheses can serve human cyborgs. Indeed, given a multi-scalar nexus of meaning, biosemiotics becomes a powerful epistemic tool. Accordingly, I close with a model of how observers can use languaging to track both how self-fabricated living systems co-modulate and also how judging (and thinking) shapes understanding of changing ‘worlds.’ In certain scales, each ’whole’ agent acts on its own behalf as it uses epigenetic history and adjusts to flux by engaging with an ecosystem
Nixon G. M. (2015) Development of cultural consciousness: From the perspective of a social constructivist. International Journal of Education and Social Science 2(10): 119–138. https://cepa.info/6968
Nixon G. M.
Development of cultural consciousness: From the perspective of a social constructivist.
International Journal of Education and Social Science 2(10): 119–138.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/6968
In this condensed survey, I look to recent perspectives on evolution suggesting that cultural change may alter the genome. Since theories of development are nested within assumptions about evolution (evo-devo), I next review some oft-cited developmental theories and other psychological theories of the 20th century to see if any match the emerging perspectives in evolutionary theory. I seek theories based neither in nature (genetics) nor nurture (the environment) but in the creative play of human communication responding to necessity. This survey finally looks to more recent work to do with the appearance of independent self-consciousness in the individual following empathic group awareness. The result of such self-created group awareness and symbolic communication is seen to be cultural consciousness, unique to humanity, from which individual consciousness and personhood derive. I conclude by noting the general implications for these approaches in our schools, politics, and in ultimate ontological questions. Relevance: The paper shows how evo-devo is ultimately connected to cultural constructivism.