Key word "human evolution"
Bednarik R. G. (2021) About the origins of the human ability to create constructs of reality [Autopoiesis and recursion in Dichtung und Wahrheit BY J. W. Goethe]. Axiomathes, Online first.
Bednarik R. G.
About the origins of the human ability to create constructs of reality [Autopoiesis and recursion in Dichtung und Wahrheit BY J. W. Goethe].
Axiomathes, Online first.
The competence of humans to create and apply constructs of reality far exceeds that of any other animal species. Their ability to consciously manipulate such models seems unique, but it remains unknown how these abilities were initially acquired and then developed. Most individuals hold strong, culturally-anchored beliefs that their particular reality is true, a viewpoint challenged by the observation that all such constructs are different. They reflect not reality, but each individual’s life experiences. Collectively they facilitated the development of hominins to unprecedented cultural and cognitive complexity. However, it remains entirely unknown how the human brain manages to create a model of the external world from the signals provided by sensory equipment and proprioceptors. This paper examines the roles of exograms in this development, as they are considered to be the only tangible connection between the brain, the faculties of sentience and the external world. Competency in exogram use became a crucial natural selection factor for humans and even overcame the human brain atrophy of the final Pleistocene and the Holocene. Under favourable conditions, some forms of exograms are capable of surviving from the deep time of human evolution. The paper follows their trail back in time to gain some insights into the developments that gave rise to human awareness, self-consciousness and Theory of Mind as we understand them. Specific archaeological finds and notions about sentient capabilities of hominins are presented in a search for exogram use in the course of human evolution. It results in a model that explains with clarity not only the course of the human journey but also the underlying reasons for the human condition as such: why we are the way we are.
Kravchenko A. V. (2009) The experiential basis of speech and writing as different cognitive domains. Pragmatics & Cognition 17(3): 527–548.
Kravchenko A. V.
The experiential basis of speech and writing as different cognitive domains.
Pragmatics & Cognition 17(3): 527–548.
Traditionally, writing is viewed as a code that stands in one-to-one correspondence to spoken language, which is therefore also viewed as a code. However,this is a delusion, which is shared by educators and has serious consequences for cognition, both on individual and on social levels. Natural linguistic signs characteristic for the activity of languaging and their symbolizations (graphic markings) are ontologically different phenomena; speech and writing belong to experiential domains of different dynamics. These dynamics impact differently the linguistic/behavioral strategies of individuals and communities, viewed as second- and third-order living systems operating in a consensual domain as structure-determined systems. Failure to acknowledge this contributes to the spread of functional illiteracy in modern societies, which may lead to cognitive/communicative dysfunction. Technology-enhanced new literacies challenge the value of traditional written culture, raising questions about the relationship between speech and writing and their roles in human evolution. This paper builds on and extends Maturana’s biology of cognition and language.
Raimondi V. (2022) Maturana on Language Origins and Human Sociality. Constructivist Foundations 18(1): 052–054. https://cepa.info/8192
Maturana on Language Origins and Human Sociality.
Constructivist Foundations 18(1): 052–054.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/8192
Open peer commentary on the article “The Maturanian Turn: Good Prospects for the Language Sciences” by Alexander V. Kravchenko. Abstract: Maturana’s extensive work has applications in many domains of enquiry, including the study of language and social interaction. I discuss Maturana’s insightful perspective on the role of language in human evolution, while also showing its relevance for current approaches of human sociality.
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