%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Social and Biological Structures
%V 10
%N
%P 53-72
%A Kauffman, L. H.
%T Self-reference and recursive forms
%D 1987
%U https://cepa.info/1816
%X The purpose of this essay is to sketch a picture of the connections between the concept self-reference and important aspects of mathematical and cybernetic thinking. In order to accomplish this task, we begin with a very simple discussion of the meaning of self-reference and then let this unfold into many ideas. Not surprisingly, we encounter wholes and parts, distinctions, pointers and indications. local-global, circulation, feedback. recursion, invariance. self-similarity, re-entry of forms, paradox, and strange loops. But we also find topology, knots and weaves. fractal and recursive forms, infinity, curvature and imaginary numbers! A panoply of fundamental mathematical and physical ideas relating directly to the central turn of self-reference.
%G en
%2 Second-Order Cybernetics
%5 ok