Krippendorff K. (1996) A second-order cybernetics of otherness. Systems Research 13(3): 311–328.
A second-order cybernetics of otherness.
Systems Research 13(3): 311–328.
In the spirit of second-order cybernetics, human communication is reconceptualized by including in the process not only its theorists but also their observed Others without whom social reality is inconceivable. This essay examines several versions of otherness, how the voices of Others survive social scientific inquiries, the dialogical spaces made available for people to build their home, and the kinds of citizenship encouraged. The essay draws attention to the epistemological limits of different inquiring practices and seeks to expand the range of possibilities for humans to see each Other.
Key words: cybernetics
, human communication
, embodied practices
, social theory
, social inquiry
, trivial/ nontrivial machines
, politics o
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