Publication 5235

Moreno A., Merelo J. J. & Etxeberria A. (1992) Perception, adaptation and learning. In: McMullin B. (ed.) Proceedings of the workshop “Autopoiesis and Perception”. DCU, Dublin: 65–70. Fulltext at https://cepa.info/5235
We attempt to distinguish, in a biological frame, ontogenetical adaptation from learning. Ontogenetical adaptation arises as a second order (sensorimotor) loop on the ground of the operational closure that provides autonomy and reproductive identity to the living system. Adaptation ensures, through perception, the functional correlation between metabolic-motor states and the states of the environment. Learning brings about a qualitative change in regard to adaptation, the most generic and simple form of optimization at an individual scale. It implies the idea of new knowledge, in the sense that the organism links what formerly appeared as an undistinguished whole. In other words, it means the capability to change its own codes of meaning. Finally, we outline some basic ideas for modelling an adaptive sensor embedded in a (partially) autonomous system, which implies the former distinction between adaptation and learning.

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