Publication 5350

Ofner F. (2017) Wissenschaftstheoretische Überlegungen jenseits von Realismus, Relativismus und Konstruktivismus. [Considerations on theory of science beyond realism, relativism, and constructivism]. In: C. K. & K. K. S. M. J. N. (eds.) Realism – relativism – constructivism. Proceedings of the 38th International Wittgenstein Symposium in Kirchberg. De Gruyter, Berlin: 233–240.
My thoughts regarding the theory of science take up Josef Mitterer’s non-dualizing way of speaking according to which it is not justifiable to refer to language-different objects if there are diverging or contradictory research findings. The consequence of this is that – in contrast to realistic, constructivist, and relativistic positions – we cannot differentiate between true and false descriptions. In the view of science, the question arises as to what status objects have in the context of empirical research and how research activities and descriptions of research results are interrelated. In what follows I would like to present a proposal on how these questions can be answered in a non-dualistic way. In doing so, I rely on the pragmatist view of science as well as the action and communication theory of George Herbert Mead. I would like to show that it is possible to develop a conception which allows linking research as linguistic and non-linguistic activities in a non-dualistic way. This concept contains some realistic, constructivist and relativistic elements, but without the reference to true/false.
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