Publication 573

Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1984) El árbol del conocimiento: Las bases biológicas del entendimiento humano. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago. Fulltext at
Multiple subsequent Chilean editions have been printed. Multiple international / translated editions have been introduced (and reprinted) as well. Examples of these additional editions include: Danish: (1987) Kundskabens trae. Ask, Aarhus; English: Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1987) The tree of knowledge: The biological roots of human understanding; German: (1987) Der Baum der Erkenntnis. Scherz, Munich; Italian: (1987) L’albero della conoscenza. Garzanti Editore, Milan; Japanese: (1987) 知識の木. Asahi Press, Tokyo; Spanish republication: (1990) El Arbol del Conocimiento. Editorial Debate. Madrid; Slovenian: (1998) Drevo spoznanja. Studia Humanitatis, Ljubljana; Dutch: (1989) De boom der kennis. Uitgeverij Contact, Amsterdam; French: (1994) L’arbre de la connaissance. Addison-Wesley France, Paris; Portuguese: (1995) A árvore do conhecimento. Editorial Psy. Sao PaulGreek: (1992) To lentro tes gnoshs. Katoptro, Athens; Russian: (2001) Древо познания. Прогресс-Традиция, Москва. Перевод с английского Ю. А. Данилова. [Tree of Knowledge. Progress-Tradition, Moscow. Translated from English by Y. A. Danilov] The first Argentinian edition (Lumen, Buenos Aires; 2003) is available at The first Brazilian / Portuguese edition (Editorial Psy, São Paulo; 1995) is available at




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