Publication 5755

Swan K., Garrison D. R. & Richardson J. C. (2009) A constructivist approach to online learning: The community of inquiry framework. In: Payne C. R. (ed.) Information technology and constructivism in higher education: Progressive learning frameworks. IGI Global, Hershey PA: 43–57. Fulltext at https://cepa.info/5755
This chapter presents a theoretical model of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework, which is grounded in John Dewey’s progressive understanding of education. The CoI framework is a process model of online learning which views the online educational experience as arising from the interaction of three presences – social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence. Each of these three elements in the CoI framework are described and related to Dewey’s work, and research findings and issues concerning them reviewed. The development of a common CoI survey measure that promises to address some of these issues is described and discussed. The chapter concludes with emerging findings from new studies which use the CoI survey, directions for future research, and practical uses of the CoI framework.

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