Baerveldt C. & Verheggen T. (2012) Enactivism. In: Valsiner J. (ed.) Oxford handbook of culture and psychology. Oxford University Press, New York: 165–190. https://cepa.info/479
In: Valsiner J. (ed.) Oxford handbook of culture and psychology. Oxford University Press, New York: 165–190.
Fulltext at https://cepa.info/479
Enactivism is an emerging perspective both in cognitive science and in cultural psychology. Whereas the enactive approach in general has focused on sense-making as an embodied and situated activity, enactive cultural psychology emphasizes the expressive and dynamically enacted nature of cultural meaning. This chapter first situates enactivism within a tradition of expressivist thinking that has historical roots both in radical Enlightenment thought and Romantic reactions against the rationalization of human nature. It will then offer a view of our human biology that can be reconciled with an account of meaning as irreducibly normative. By emphasizing the consensual rather than the supposedly shared nature of meaningful conduct, enactivism avoids some of the classical pitfalls in thinking about culture. In the conclusion a genetic enactive psychology will be presented, which understands sense-making not as a mediated activity, but as a competence acquired through cultural training and personal stylization.