Publication 541

Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1973) De máquinas y seres vivos: Autopoiesis: La organización de lo vivo. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago. Fulltext at
This book represents the initial formal publication of a manuscript originally written in English under the working title “Autopoiesis: The organization of living systems,” cf. Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1975) Autopoietic systems: A characterization of the living organization. Second (revised) edition (1994) retitled as: De máquinas y seres vivos: Autopoiesis: La organización de lo vivo. New prefaces added by both Maturana and Varela, under the combined title “Veinte años después” [Twenty years later]. English translation of Maturana’s preface: Maturana H. R., Paucar-Caceres A. & Harnden R. (2011) Origins and Implications of Autopoiesis. Preface to the Second Edition of De Máquinas y Seres Vivos Fifth edition (1998). Sixth edition (2006) available at Publisher indices and first edition used book listings often indicate this was first published in 1972, not 1973. The reason for this common discrepancy is unclear, unless the 1972 copyright date was mistaken for the initial publication date. Copyright pages in subsequent editions state the first edition dates to April 1973, and this same date is cited in Varela’s preface to the revised second edition. This 1973 Spanish language publication is often attributed as the source for the text published as the second portion of Maturana H. R. & Varela F. J. (1980) Autopoiesis and cognition: The realization of the living.


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